HACCP and ISO 22000 Malaysia: A Comparison Analysis

Introduction of ISO 22000 and HACCP

ISO 22000 and HACCP are two internationally recognized food safety management systems that help organizations provide safe food and services. ISO 22000 is a comprehensive standard that covers all aspects of food safety, including risk and opportunity management, leadership commitment, pre-requisite program, hazard analysis and control, and many more. Conversely, HACCP takes a risk-based approach that focuses on identifying and preventing food hazards. Both systems are designed to ensure consistent adherence to customer and regulatory requirements and to prevent food safety incidents. Implementing these systems can help organizations build a strong food safety culture and increase consumer trust in their products. 

Key Similarities and Differences Between ISO 22000 and HACCP

#1 Similarities
  • Managing food safety with the framework.
  • Identifying, evaluating, and controlling food hazards.
  • Emphasize the importance of prerequisite programs.
  • Verify to ensure the food safety management system is effective.
  • Emphasize the importance of continuous improvement.
  • Addressing non-conformities.
  • Training and competence of personnel in food safety.
  • Recognising and avoiding potential dangers food hazard that can cause adverse health effect in public.

  • Both have continual improvement.
  • Both need to follow specific legal compliance.
  • Requires document control procedures. 
  • Includes requirements for internal ISO audit and management review.
  • Training and competence of personnel involved in food safety management system.

#2 Differences

ISO 22000
Key Term
A management system standard.
Standard Type
A food safety management tool.
More emphasis on top management commitment with respect to FSMS.
Top Management Commitment
Top management only commits to basic resources providing.
Risks & Opportunities related to business as well as food hazards and legal requirements are identified and action will be taken to address them.
Risk & Opportunities
Not identified.
More emphasis on monitoring, measurement, analysis, and evaluation as this will use input for management review and enable updating of FSMS.
Performance Evaluation
Simple evaluation to monitor HACCP performance is needed.
Considers the entire food chain from farm to fork.
Primarily focused on production.
Requires communication with external interested parties such as stakeholders, statutory bodies, suppliers, customers and etc…
External Communication
No specific requirement for external communication.
Can be applied to all organizations in the entire food chain from farm to fork.
Certain food industries (eg: agricultural) are not applicable.

Examining the Role of Both ISO 22000 and HACCP in Ensuring Food Safety and Quality in Malaysia

ISO 22000 and HACCP play an important role in ensuring food safety and quality in Malaysia. These systems allow food companies to verify that their products meet stringent legal requirements related to food safety and adhere to all local and international regulations. This helps protect public health by reducing the risk of foodborne illnesses and increasing customer confidence in the safety and quality of food products. Given the importance of food safety in Malaysia, implementing ISO 22000 and HACCP is vital to maintaining a strong and reliable food supply chain.

Sharing the Benefits and Limitations of ISO 22000 and HACCP

There are numerous benefits and some limitations between ISO 22000 & HACCP, please refer to the table below for further details.

ISO 22000
  • Reduce incidences of food safety breaches.
  • Improve company profile and credibility.
  • Enable competitive advantage in the market.
  • Meet expectations and requirements of food manufacturing stakeholders.
  • Preventive approach.
  • Recognising and avoiding potential dangers.
  • Require substantial resources and competent personnel to establish, implement, maintain, and update the system.
  • Small enterprises can have difficulty in budget.


In conclusion, while ISO 22000 and HACCP have their unique benefits and limitations, both are crucial in ensuring the safety and quality of food in Malaysia. By implementing these systems,  the organization is able to protect public health, comply with regulations, and maintain the reputation of the Malaysian food industry.

Achieving ISO certification in Malaysia can help your business improve quality, increase customer satisfaction, and gain a competitive edge. Find a reliable ISO certification agency and get started!


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